Do Omega-6 Fatty Acids Promote Fat Accumulation?

by Dr. Jonny Bowden · 14 comments

The following is a guest article by Dr. Joyce Nettleton, a highly respected published researcher

Diets high in omega-6 fatty acids are associated with greater body weight and fat compared with diets having less omega-6 fat and more omega-3 fat.

Several studies presented at the recent ISSFAL conference seem to support prior research results.

Mouse study finds omega-6 fats promote weight gain

At the ISSFAL conference, researchers reported that mice fed 50 percent less omega-6 fat than the control group for the first 6 weeks of life and then switched to a western-style diet (high in omega-6 fat) for eight weeks had 27 percent less fat compared with the controls.

The rodents also had fewer fat cells, lower blood triglyceride (fat) levels, improved glucose (blood sugar) tolerance, and greater insulin sensitivity … all of which are associated with reduced risk for diabetes and heart disease (Oosting A et al., 2010).

American babies’ bellies grew along with increasing omega-6 intake

The type of dietary fat a person eats affects the development of metabolic syndrome.

Population studies suggest that diets high in saturated fats increase the chance of developing Metabolic Syndrome, while high polyunsaturated fat lower the risk.

Whether diets high in omega-6 fat promote weight gain and fat accumulation and contribute to Metabolic Syndrome is hotly debated.

Adiposity – the medical term for excess belly fat – in six to 11-month old infants in the U.S. increased nearly two-fold from 1976 to 1994.

This sharp rise occurred during the same time span when the omega-6 fat content of infant foods, including breast milk and infant formula, also increased (Alvheim A, 2010).

In contrast, infants’ intake of omega-3s declined during this period.

Associations like these do not establish cause-effect relationships, but they raise questions.

Infant mice show similar reaction to diets high in omega-6 fats

French researchers have reported that a western-like diet is sufficient to induce greater fat mass over generations (Massiera F, et al. 2010) … and a study in mice presented at ISSFAL also addressed this issue.

Mice consumed diets containing either one or eight percent omega-6 fat from weaning (Alvheim A, 2010).

Those on the eight percent omega-6 fat diet exhibited significantly greater appetite, feed efficiency and fat tissue compared with those on the one percent omega-6 fat diet.

Adding one percent of energy from long-chain omega-3 fish fats (EPA and DHA) to the eight percent omega-6 fat diet was accompanied by reduced fat accumulation and lower feed efficiency, which means that fewer of the animals’ calories were absorbed.

The French team noted that even diets that were extremely high in fat (60 percent of calories) – but in which omega-6 fat contributed only one percent of total calories – did not produce obesity.

Omega-3s may lower risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes

In one invited ISSFAL presentation, the speaker noted that lifestyle modifications, such as the inclusion of long-chain omega-3 fats from fish (EPA and DHA) can help deter development of obesity, liver-fat accumulation, abnormal blood fat profiles and impaired glucose tolerance (Kopecky J, 2010).

But once diabetes has developed, these fatty acids are much less effective and drugs are necessary to reverse obesity, abnormal lipids and insulin resistance.

The potential for preventing Metabolic Syndrome and ultimately diabetes by increasing long-chain omega-3 fatty acid intake – in conjunction with reducing omega-6 fat consumption – deserves much more investigation and attention.

“Monounsaturated” fats appear to bear little blame for weight gain

We’ve had relatively little evidence on how diets rich in monounsaturated fats – chiefly, the oleic acid in olive, macadamia nut, canola and “high-oleic” sunflower oil – affect the risk of metabolic syndrome, though there is as yet no evidence that monounsaturated fats raise it.

At the conference, investigators from Spain reported that metabolic syndrome patients with the highest proportion of monounsaturated oleic acid in their blood had less abdominal obesity and were more likely to have higher (more desirable) HDL levels.

These observations suggest that in addition to protecting heart health, diets rich in olive oil may help to deter weight gain (Sala-Vila A et al., 2010).

Sources

  1. Alvheim A, Osei-Hyiaman D, Robert P, et al. Dietary linoleic acid promotes hyperactive hepatic 2-arachdonoyl-glycerol and contributes to diet-induced obesity. Abstract. ISSFAL 2010, Maastricht, Netherlands. P 106.
  2. Kopecky J. Multiple mechanisms of action of n-3 fatty acids on metabolism – possible impact for the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Abstract. ISSFAL 2010, Maastricht, Netherlands. P 108.
  3. Oosting A, Kegler D, Boehm G, et al. Reduced n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids during postnatal development prevents excessive fat deposition and improves metabolic profile in adult mice. Poster. ISSFAL 2010, Maastricht, Netherlands. P 83.
  4. Sala-Vila A, Cofan M, Cenarro A et al. Inverse association between the proportion of oleic acid in serum phospholipids and metabolic syndrome traits in a dyslipidemic Spanish population. Poster. ISSFAL 2010, Maastricht, Netherlands. P 99.

Dr. Jonny comments:

Dr. Nettleton is addressing a very important point that conventional medicine seems to have missed—the dietary balance between omega 6’s and omega-3’s is one of the most important predictors of a host of health problems. Ideally, our diet should consist of about 1:1 to 4:1 omega 6:omega 3. We actually consume more like 15:1 to 25:1. Omega-6’s are “pro-inflammatory”, omega-3’s are “anti-inflammatory”.

With the wrongful demonization of saturated fat (see article in this newsletter on Andrew Weil, we have obsessively replaced perfectly good fats with a ton of processed vegetable oils (corn, sunflower, safflower, soybean) that contain tons of omega-6’s, thinking we’re doing something “healthy” for ourselves.

Nope.

As my dear friend, the great nutritionist and educator Robert Crayhon once said:
“If you want to really want revenge on your worst enemy, stock up their kitchen with corn oil, sunflower oil, soybean oil and safflower oil. Tell them to use liberally”.

Share This Post

{ 11 comments… read them below or add one }

Escondido Fun

Atherosclerosis is the scientific name for the process responsible for hardening of the arteries

Reply

Dr. Jonny

very well said.

jb

Reply

cheryl

What about nuts? The Rosedale Diet calls for lots of nuts, almonds and walnuts and such.

Are these full of good oils, meaning omega 3? And how about eggs?

Reply

Dr. Jonny

nuts are full of great oils, and the fat in eggs is absolutely nothing to fear.

My concern about omega-6 oils is not when they are found in small amounts in foods.. it is when we cook, bake, sprinkle, and otherwise overconsume tons of processsed, junky omega-6 vegetable oils, not when some omega-6 is found in food.

warmly
jb

Reply

alfredoe

When you avoid all processed foods, any food that comes from a factory, you also avoid all grains oils, all those that have in the label “zero cholesterol” and the like. These oils are full of omega 6, raise triglycerides and lower HDL cholesterol, the best indicators of heart disease.

You can replace them with saturated fat, from animal or vegetable origin.

Best regards.

Reply

Mike Geary

Good article Jonny. Here’s an article that closely ties with this topic that I did… about healthy vs unhealthy cooking oils and how polyunsaturated, monounsaturated, and saturated fats are related to this.

http://www.truthaboutabs.com/unhealthy-vs-healthy-cooking-oils.html

Keep up the great work Jonny!

Reply

Robert G Mulley

What should I do to reverse fatty liver?
Kind Regards
Robert.

Reply

Dr. Jonny

Hi
My friends Michael and Mary Dan Eades just wrote a great book on this called “the 6 week cure for the middle aged middle”. I think their recommendations are spot on!

warmly
jb

Reply

Chris

All raw/cold pressed fats are fine. But once they are heated, its a whole different story!. These types of articles always try to blame a particular oil for weight gain.

This is it, you gain weight when you consume unstable heated/cooked oils. Period.

We know that if an oil has numerous double bonds in its carbon chain it easily becomes rancid/trans fat (polyunsaturated). Even when there is one double bond present (monounsaturated) they perish when heated into trans fat.

Important thing is not to heat your unsaturated oils/fats. Only use saturated fat to cook with such as coconut oil, which is safe when heated as there are no double bonds present in the chain.

Plus, all this talk about eating cooked fish to get omega 3′s is rubbish. Omega 3′s are very susceptible to rancidity when heated. Even in light. So you will lose all the EPA and DHA when you cook salmon/fish etc. You have to eat it raw or supplement with something like krill oil (which has an antioxidant present which protects the omega 3′s).

They always say be careful with flaxseed, don’t heat etc. But at same time say cook and eat more fish! (where the oil is even more fragile that flax!)

Cheers
Chris

Reply

Kieran

Dear All,

What I have read here is reflected in the wisdom followed earlier in our Indian food preparation but is being turned UPSIDE DOWN today by the slick oil marketing lobby.

Traditional Indian cuisine employed either pure ghee or coconut oil (both saturated fats). But today, I avoid Indian restaurants like plague because they have discarded these 2 fats and use cheap oils and margarines.

So if any of you visit an Indian restaurant, please INSIST that they use either filtered (not refined) coconut oil or pure ghee from grass fed cows/buffaloes only.

Reply

InpureApope

Very Interesting!
Thank You!

Reply

Leave a Comment


four + = 6

CommentLuv badge

{ 3 trackbacks }

Previous post:

Next post: